Duc Tai Le, Thang Le Duc, Vyacheslav V.Zalyubovskiy, Dongsoo S. Kim, Hyunseung Choo
Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing, Vol 100, 14 October 2016 (IF:1.320)
The minimum-latency broadcast problem in duty-cycled wireless sensor networks has received significant attention over the last few years. A common approach for the problem is to assign collision-free transmitting times to forwarding nodes for disseminating a message from one source node to all other nodes according to their given duty-cycle schedules and transmission ranges. However, preventing collision for all transmissions may increase latency in the broadcast schedules. This paper proposes a novel strategy of Collision-Tolerant Scheduling (CTS) that offers an opportunity to reduce broadcast latency by allowing collisions at non-critical nodes to speed up the broadcast process for critical ones. The completion of broadcast scheduling, i.e. all nodes receive a broadcast message, is ensured by additionally transmitting the message to non-critical nodes experiencing collision. We employ the scheduling strategy in two proposed broadcast schemes: Degree-based CTS (DCTS) and MIS-based CTS (MCTS), which select forwarding nodes based on the node degree and maximal independent set information, respectively. The results of both theoretical analysis and simulation reveal the remarkable advantages of CTS in minimizing broadcast latency in duty-cycled WSNs. DCTS and MCTS guarantee approximation ratios of (Δ−1)T and 12T in terms of broadcast latency, where Δ and T denote the maximum node degree and the number of time slots in a working period, respectively. The two schemes reduce to at least 94 percent of the broadcast latency compared with existing schemes, while slightly increasing the number of transmissions due to the additional transmissions. Thanks to the latency reduction, the proposed schemes require 93 percent less energy than existing ones.
Wireless sensor networks; Duty cycle; Broadcast scheduling; Collision tolerant; Latency efficient