IEICE Transactions on Communications, vol. E89-B, no. 10, pp. 2794-2801, Oct. 2006 (SCI, IF 0.290)
Moonseong Kim, Tae-Jin Lee, and Hyunseung Choo
Mobile IP is a solution to support mobile nodes but it does not handle NEtwork MObility (NEMO). The NEMO Basic Support (NBS)  ensures session continuity for all the nodes in a MObile NETwork (MONET). Since the protocol is based on Mobile IP, it inherits from Mobile IP the same fundamental problem such as tunnel convergence, when it is used to support the multicast for NEMO. In this paper, we propose the multicast Route Optimization (RO) scheme in NEMO environments. We suppose that the Mobile Router (MR) has a multicast function and the Nested Mobile Router Information (NeMRI). The NeMRI is used to record a list of the CoAs of all the MRs located below. And it obtains information whether the MRs desire multicast services. Also, we adopt any RO scheme to handle pinball routing. Therefore, we achieve optimal routes for multicasting in NEMO. We also develop analytic models to evaluate the performance of our scheme. We show much lower multicast tree delay and cost in NEMO compared with other techniques such as Bi-directional Tunneling (BT), Remote Subscription (RS), and Mobile Multicast (MoM) based on the NBS protocol.
Network mobility (NEMO), Multicast routing, Route optimization (RO)